Human body preservation – old and new techniques

Authors

  • Erich Brenner

    Corresponding author
    1. Division for Clinical and Functional Anatomy, Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    • Correspondence

      Erich Brenner, Division for Clinical and Functional Anatomy, Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Innsbruck Medical University, Müllerstrasse 59, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria. T: + 43 512 900371121; E: erich.brenner@i-med.ac.at

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  • In Memoriam Giovanni Mazzotti, 1948–2011 (Manzoli et al. 2011).

Abstract

This review deals with the art of (anatomical) embalming. The first part contains a brief historical review of the history of embalming, starting with ancient cultures such as the Egyptians and the lesser known Chinchorro culture, then going down the centuries and describing the anatomical techniques developed over the last two centuries. The second part deals in detail with the chemicals used for embalming purposes. The third part deals with several approaches to evaluating embalming methods, their suitability for biomechanical testing, antimicrobial properties, histological appearance, and usability. The fourth and final part analyze the European Biocidal Products Directive (98/8/EC) in the light of embalming.

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