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The impact of psychosocial adaptation status on quality of life for Chinese patients with visual impairments

Authors

  • Xiu-jie Zhang MMed, RN,

    Registered Nurse
    1. Department of Nursing, The First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning Province
    2. Department of Nursing, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province
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  • Ai-ping Wang MMed, RN,

    Professor and head, Corresponding author
    1. Department of Nursing, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province
    • Correspondence: Ai-ping Wang, Professor and Head, Department of Nursing, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China. Telephone: +86 2483282827.

      E-mail: jianghaoran88@hotmail.com

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  • An-chun Yin MMed, RN

    Associate Professor and head
    1. Department of Nursing, The First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning Province
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Abstract

Aims and objctives

To analyse the association of psychosocial adaptation with quality of life and to examine the influential factors for Chinese people with visual impairments.

Background

The status of psychosocial adaptation is the main influential factor for quality of life. The correlation between psychosocial adaptation and quality of life for various diseases has been studied previously. However, there have been few reports on the impact of psychosocial adaptation on quality of life in people with visual impairments.

Design

Survey.

Methods

In this study, subjects with visual impairment (n = 213) were interviewed to assess their demographics, disease-related information, psychosocial adaptation status and quality of life. The psychosocial adaptation questionnaire and quality of life scale for visually impaired patients were used to survey psychosocial adaptation and quality of life. Correlation and multiple stepwise regression analyses were used to study the association of psychosocial adaptation with quality of life in visually impaired patients.

Results

Psychosocial adaptation was significantly associated with quality of life, including the sense of belonging and psychological dimensions. The results also showed that there was statistical significance for the impact of occupational status, payment, monthly income (family), vision classification and psychosocial adaptation on quality of life, and the status of psychosocial adaptation was the main factor affecting the quality of life in people with visual impairments.

Conclusion

It was found that the status of psychosocial adaptation was conspicuously associated with multiple dimensions of quality of life. Therefore, psychosocial adaptation status should be given close attention in clinical care.

Relevance to clinical practice

Our results could be used to guide nurses in making a plan for health education and nursing that improves the quality of life for the visually impaired.

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