Insights into diabetes
Outcomes for type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with diverse regimens
Article first published online: 6 MAR 2013
© 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Clinical Nursing
Volume 22, Issue 13-14, pages 1899–1906, July 2013
How to Cite
Huang, M.-C., Hung, C.-H., Stocker, J. and Lin, L.-C. (2013), Outcomes for type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with diverse regimens. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22: 1899–1906. doi: 10.1111/jocn.12123
- Issue published online: 8 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 6 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 3 OCT 2012
- diabetes regimens;
- quality of life;
- self-care behaviour;
- social support;
- type 2 diabetes mellitus
Aims and objectives
To compare the levels of self-care behaviour, social support and quality of life among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients who underwent three regimens: taking medicine, taking-medicine-while dieting and taking-medicine-while-dieting-with exercise.
Diabetes treatment is a critical concern worldwide. However, studies on self-care behaviour, social support and quality of life based on diabetes patients' diverse regimens are few.
This study was a cross-sectional design.
We enroled 127 outpatients aged over 40 years who visited a metabolism clinic at a medical centre in Southern Taiwan. The Self-care Behaviour Scale, Social Support Scale and Quality of Life Scale were used to collect data.
The results indicated that patients with a combined regimen of taking-medicine-while-dieting-with-regular exercise had the highest score at the levels of social support, self-care behaviour and quality of life.
The study results could offer evidence-based knowledge for healthcare professionals to guide and promote social support, self-care behaviour and quality of life for people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
Relevance to clinical practice
These findings will help healthcare professionals to establish appropriate nursing strategies for type 2 diabetes patients who need to exercise regularly as part of their daily care to enhance their self-care behaviour, social support and quality of life.