Quality of life
Factors associated with quality of life after attempted suicide: a cross-sectional study
Article first published online: 27 FEB 2013
© 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Clinical Nursing
Volume 22, Issue 15-16, pages 2150–2159, August 2013
How to Cite
Wang, S.-M., Chou, Y.-C., Yeh, M.-Y., Chen, C.-H. and Tzeng, W.-C. (2013), Factors associated with quality of life after attempted suicide: a cross-sectional study. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22: 2150–2159. doi: 10.1111/jocn.12148
- Issue published online: 5 JUL 2013
- Article first published online: 27 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 OCT 2012
- National Science Council. Grant Number: NSC98-2314-B-016-032-MY3
- attempted suicide;
- community care;
- quality of life;
Aims and objectives
To describe factors associated with the subjective quality of life of individuals who had attempted suicide.
Although quality of life has been a focus of concern in mental health care, data are lacking on what life is like and what factors are related to an individual's quality of life after a suicide attempt.
A cross-sectional, descriptive design was used.
Participants comprised a convenience sample of 103 individuals who had attempted suicide within the previous three months and received follow-up care from one suicide-prevention centre in northern Taiwan. Participants were assessed for depression and quality of life using the Beck Depression Inventory, Taiwan version and the World Health Organisation Quality of Life Instrument-BREF, Taiwan version, respectively.
Almost half the participants (n = 49) had severe depression and one-third of them (n = 30) reattempted suicide while receiving follow-up care. Depression and quality-of-life scores were statistically significantly inversely correlated. participants' quality-of-life scores were most associated with their depressive level, reattempting suicide during suicidal follow-up care, high educational level and older age.
The present study indicates that factors associated with quality of life decreased more in individuals with moderate/severe depression than in those with mild depression. In addition, individuals who reattempted suicide during follow-up care were more likely to suffer from poor life quality.
Relevance to clinical practice
Mental health professionals should include frequent evaluation of depressive status and quality of life in follow-up care for patients who have recently attempted suicide. Particularly, mental health professionals must treat suicidal individuals with a high tendency to reattempt suicide by establishing trust with them and allowing them to narrate their painful experiences during follow-up care.