Education and competence
Knowledge about medications and products to prevent and treat pressure ulcers: a cross-sectional survey of nurses and physicians in a Primary Health Care setting
Article first published online: 29 MAR 2013
© 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Clinical Nursing
Volume 22, Issue 17-18, pages 2562–2571, September 2013
How to Cite
Romero-Collado, A., Homs-Romero, E. and Zabaleta-del-Olmo, E. (2013), Knowledge about medications and products to prevent and treat pressure ulcers: a cross-sectional survey of nurses and physicians in a Primary Health Care setting. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22: 2562–2571. doi: 10.1111/jocn.12175
- Issue published online: 15 JUL 2013
- Article first published online: 29 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 6 NOV 2012
- health knowledge;
- pressure ulcer;
- primary health care;
Aims and objectives
To report on a study of what primary care nurses and physicians know about medications and healthcare products to prevent and treat pressure ulcers.
The prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers has generally become the responsibility of the nursing staff; this has resulted in studies of nurses' knowledge of this task, although few studies include physicians in their analysis.
Cross-sectional survey conducted in North Girona (Province) Primary Care Services from February to April 2010.
The study questionnaire had three sections: sociodemographic data, questions about division of responsibility for the care of patients with pressure ulcers or at risk of developing them, and 36 statements based on the recommendations in clinical practice guidelines provided by well-recognised national and international institutions.
Eighty-one nurses (64·8%) and 46 physicians (36·8%) responded to this study. Nurses had greater responsibility for the care of pressure ulcers, made greater use of medical prescriptions to obtain supplies if not available in the primary care centre, were more familiar with the site's clinical practice guidelines on the topic and showed better adherence to their recommendations. Nurses also had better knowledge than the participating physicians of the use of medications and healthcare products to heal or to prevent pressure ulcers.
Nurses had sufficient knowledge and more appropriate skills than the participating physicians for the prescription of medications and healthcare products for the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers.
Relevance to clinical practice
The data demonstrated that nurses have sufficient knowledge and skill to provide wound care and could safely write these prescriptions, although Spanish law permitting nurse prescription is not fully implemented.