Get access

Assessment of relationship between self-care and fatigue and loneliness in haemodialysis patients

Authors

  • Semiha Akin BSc, PhD, RN,

    Assistant Professor, Corresponding author
    1. Faculty of Health Sciences, Bahçeşehir University, Beşiktaş, Istanbul, Turkey
    • Correspondence: Semiha Akin, Assistant Professor, Bahcesehir University Faculty of Health Sciences, Çırağan Caddesi Osmanpaşa Mektebi Sokak No: 4-6, 34353 Beşiktaş, Istanbul, Turkey. Telephone: +90 212 381 54 07.

      E-mail: semihaakin@yahoo.com

    Search for more papers by this author
  • Basak Mendi BSc, PhD,

    Assistant Professor
    1. Faculty of Health Sciences, Bahçeşehir University, Beşiktaş, Istanbul, Turkey
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Bihter Ozturk BSc, MSc, RN,

    Clinical Nurse
    1. Ozel Nil Metropol Diyaliz Merkezi Merkez Mah, Kagithane, Istanbul, Turkey
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Cigdem Cinper BSc, MSc, RN,

    Clinical Nurse
    1. Turk Bobrek Vakfi Ahmet Ermis Diyaliz Merkezi Bahcelievler Mahallesi, Bahcelievler, Istanbul, Turkey
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Zehra Durna BSc, PhD, RN

    Professor
    1. Faculty of Health Sciences, Bahçeşehir University, Beşiktaş, Istanbul, Turkey
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Aims and objectives

To assess the level of fatigue, self-care abilities and level of loneliness in Turkish haemodialysis patients and to determine the relationship between the level of fatigue, self-care and loneliness.

Background

Dialysis patients experience difficulties such as deterioration in physical performance and self-care abilities, fatigue and social isolation due to the disease and the treatment.

Design

This is a descriptive study and was conducted at two dialysis treatment centres.

Methods

The sample included 325 haemodialysis patients. Patients were selected via convenience sampling. Criteria for inclusion of patients undergoing haemodialysis treatment were those who volunteered to take part in the study, who were literate and who were over 18 years of age. Data were gathered using Patient Information Form, Visual Analog Fatigue Scale, UCLA Loneliness Scale and Self-Care Ability Scale.

Results

Haemodialysis patients reported high level of fatigue, low level of self-care and moderate level of loneliness. The correlation values indicated that as the levels of loneliness and fatigue increased, the self-care abilities decreased. The self-care abilities of the female patients were worse. Patients over the age of 60 years, those with low education level or patients on a low income and those with other chronic diseases had higher levels of loneliness and fatigue, and lower level of self-care.

Conclusions

In this study, the level of fatigue of haemodialysis patients was high, their self-care ability was very low and their level of perceived loneliness was moderate. Furthermore, fatigue negatively affects patients' self-care; the higher the patients' level of fatigue was, the lower their level of self-care.

Relevance to clinical practice

In order for haemodialysis patients to manage their fatigue successfully, to improve their self-care abilities and to decrease their levels of loneliness and social isolation, nurses should provide physical, social and emotional support.

Ancillary