Perceived emotional intelligence in nursing: psychometric properties of the Trait Meta-Mood Scale

Authors

  • Amor Aradilla-Herrero MSN, RN,

    Associate Professor, Corresponding author
    1. Gimbernat Nursing School, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    • Correspondence: Amor Aradilla-Herrero, Associate Professor, Escola Universitària d'Infermeria Gimbernat, Avinguda de la Generalitat 202-206, 08174 Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain. Telephone: +34935893727.

      E-mails: amor.aradilla@eug.es; amor.aradilla@gmail.com

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  • Joaquín Tomás-Sábado PhD, RN,

    Associate Professor
    1. Gimbernat Nursing School, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
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  • Juana Gómez-Benito PhD

    Full Professor
    1. Faculty of Psychology, Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour (IR3C), University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
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Abstract

Aims and objectives

To examine the psychometric properties of the Trait Meta-Mood Scale in the nursing context and to determine the relationships between emotional intelligence, self-esteem, alexithymia and death anxiety.

Background

The Trait Meta-Mood Scale is one of the most widely used self-report measures for assessing perceived emotional intelligence. However, in the nursing context, no extensive analysis has been conducted to examine its psychometric properties.

Design

Cross-sectional and observational study.

Methods

A total of 1417 subjects participated in the study (1208 nursing students and 209 hospital nurses). The Trait Meta-Mood Scale, the Toronto Alexithymia Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the Death Anxiety Inventory were all applied to half of the sample (n = 707). A confirmatory factor analysis was carried out, and statistical analyses examined the internal consistency and test–retest reliability of the Trait Meta-Mood Scale, as well as its relationship with relevant variables.

Results

Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the three dimensions of the original scale (Attention, Clarity and Repair). The instrument showed adequate internal consistency and temporal stability. Correlational results indicated that nurses with high scores on emotional Attention experience more death anxiety, report greater difficulties identifying feelings and have less self-esteem. By contrast, nurses with high levels of emotional Clarity and Repair showed less death anxiety and higher levels of self-esteem.

Conclusions

The Trait Meta-Mood Scale is an effective, valid and reliable tool for measuring perceived emotional intelligence in the nursing context. Training programmes should seek to promote emotional abilities among nurses.

Relevance to clinical practice

Use of the Trait Meta-Mood Scale in the nursing context would provide information about nurses' perceived abilities to interpret and manage emotions when interacting with patients.

Ancillary