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Discharge planning in mental health care: an integrative review of the literature

Authors

  • Intansari Nurjannah BSN, MNSc,

    PhD Candidate
    1. School of Nursing, Midwifery and Nutrition, James Cook University, Cairns, Qld, Australia
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  • Jane Mills PhD, RN, BN, MN, MEd, GradCertEdu, FACN,

    Associate Professor, Corresponding author
    1. School of Nursing, Midwifery and Nutrition, James Cook University, Cairns, Qld, Australia
    • Correspondence: Jane Mills, Associate Professor, School of Nursing, Midwifery and Nutrition, James Cook University, Cairns Campus, PO Box 6811, Cairns, Qld 4870, Australia. Telephone: +61 (07) 4042 1548.

      E-mail: jane.mills@jcu.edu.au

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  • Kim Usher PhD, RN, BA, DipHSc, MNSt, FACN, FACMHN,

    Professor of Nursing
    1. School of Nursing, Midwifery and Nutrition, James Cook University, Cairns, Qld, Australia
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  • Tanya Park PhD, BSNc, GDipMHN, MMid, GCTT, RN, EMHN, EM

    Deputy Head of School/Senior Lecturer
    1. School of Nursing, Midwifery and Nutrition, James Cook University, Cairns, Qld, Australia
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Abstract

Aims and objectives

To identify the evidence base related to discharge planning in the context of acute and community mental healthcare service provision to ascertain the need for future research.

Background

Discharge planning is an important activity when preparing consumers to transition from hospital to home. The efficiency of discharge planning for consumers living with a mental health issue can influence both the number of future readmissions to acute-care facilities and their quality of life at home.

Design

An integrative review of the peer-reviewed literature.

Method

This review uses specific search terms and a 21-year time frame to search two key nursing databases CINAHL (Cinahl Information Systems, Glendale, CA, USA) and PSYCHINFO (American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, USA) for research reports investigating the substantive area of enquiry. Hand searches of reference lists and author searches were also conducted. Nineteen peer-reviewed journal articles met the inclusion criteria for this review.

Results

Research findings about discharge planning for people living with a mental health issue identify the importance of communication between health professionals, consumers and their families to maximise the effectiveness of this process. The complexity of consumer's healthcare needs influences the discharge planning process and impacts on aftercare compliance and readmission rates. There is a limited amount of research findings relating to differences between health professionals and families' perceptions of the level of information required for effective discharge planning, and the appropriate level of involvement of individuals living with a mental health issue in their own discharge planning. Results from this integrative review will inform future research related to this topic.

Conclusion

Discharge planning for consumers living with a mental health issue involves many stakeholders who have different expectations regarding the type of information required and the necessary level of involvement of people living with a mental health issue in this process.

Relevance to clinical practice

Comprehensive discharge planning can result in reduced readmissions to both acute and community mental health services. Understanding the impact of effective communication on the outcomes of discharge planning is an important step in promoting success.

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