At the time of conducting this research, Jenni Newton had 17 years of palliative care experience, mainly within the hospice setting, both from clinical and managerial points of view, and was involved in day care, in-patient unit and bereavement service settings and in the management of community clinical nurse specialists and hospice at home settings.
Evaluation of the currency of the Davies and Oberle (1990) model of supportive care in specialist and specialised palliative care settings in England
Article first published online: 22 JUL 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Journal of Clinical Nursing
Volume 23, Issue 11-12, pages 1662–1676, June 2014
How to Cite
Newton, J. and McVicar, A. (2014), Evaluation of the currency of the Davies and Oberle (1990) model of supportive care in specialist and specialised palliative care settings in England. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 23: 1662–1676. doi: 10.1111/jocn.12301
- Issue published online: 25 APR 2014
- Article first published online: 22 JUL 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 30 JAN 2013
- advanced practice;
- clinical nurse specialist;
- evaluation research;
- models of nursing;
- palliative care;
- supportive care
Aims and objectives
To evaluate the extent to which the Davies and Oberle (1990) model of supportive nursing has currency across specialist and specialised care settings in England.
The model describes attributes of palliative nursing for practice and associated educational curricula. It is influential but predates introduction of specialist/specialised care. Its applicability in contemporary care settings has not been evaluated.
Evaluation was undertaken using sequential mixed methods, predominantly qualitative. Data collected during 2008–2009.
Four stages: (1) focus groups involving hospital and community palliative clinical nurse specialists and nurses from three hospice settings (total = 25) to identify setting-specific characteristics, (2) survey of nurses (n = 48 respondents/31%) with follow-up interviews (n = 25) to identify congruence with the model, (3) interviews with patients (n = 6) and carers (n = 13) for practice evidence and (4) reconvened focus groups (n = 19 nurses) for confirmation.
All major dimensions were evidenced. ‘Connecting’ had reduced emphasis in the hospital setting where specialist nurses spend limited time with patients, but diminishing time to ‘connect’ with patients and carers as service develops could potentially become problematic across all settings. Two new dimensions (‘Displaying expertise’ and ‘Influencing other professionals’) with subdimensions (e.g. ‘Advanced communication skills’) are proposed as additions to reflect advanced practice. Further new subdimensions (‘Making the assessment’, ‘Prioritising’, ‘Agreeing the plan’) are suggested to be best aligned with the existing dimension ‘Connecting’.
A revised model of supportive care incorporating dimensions of advanced nursing has currency in contemporary specialist/specialised care settings, although evaluation is required as to the actual impact of the model on care outcomes. ‘Connecting’ is currently being affected by pace of work and lateness of referrals.
Implications for practice
‘Spending time’ is increasingly difficult to sustain so challenging nurses as to how they may continue to ‘connect’ with patients as service delivery continues to change.