Sexuality and chronically ill clients
Cardiovascular changes resulting from sexual activity and sexual dysfunction after myocardial infarction: integrative review
Article first published online: 21 JUN 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Journal of Clinical Nursing
Special Issue: Special issue on Sexual reproduction and health
Volume 22, Issue 23-24, pages 3522–3531, December 2013
How to Cite
Bispo, G. S., de Lima Lopes, J. and de Barros, A. L. (2013), Cardiovascular changes resulting from sexual activity and sexual dysfunction after myocardial infarction: integrative review. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22: 3522–3531. doi: 10.1111/jocn.12356
- Issue published online: 8 NOV 2013
- Article first published online: 21 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 11 MAR 2013
- acute myocardial infarction;
- sexual counselling
Aims and objectives
To identify studies on cardiovascular changes resulting from sexual activity, as well as the occurrence of sexual dysfunction after acute myocardial infarction.
Many patients with acute myocardial infarction experience sexual dysfunction, mainly due to fear of dying and/or of having another heart attack.
The research was an integrative literature review.
Searched databases included Lilacs, Medline and PubMed, and the following were inclusion criteria: national and international articles published from 2000–2011, written in Portuguese, Spanish or English.
The results indicate that many patients with coronary heart disease experience sexual dysfunction whether from fear of experiencing another acute myocardial infarction or due to the side effects of medication. Studies show there are few cardiovascular changes during sexual activity.
Because sexual dysfunction negatively affects the lives of people, providing guidance to individuals with cardiovascular disease, especially after an acute myocardial infarction, may be a crucial factor in determining quality of life and should be incorporated into clinical practice.
Relevance to clinical practice
Despite the subject's importance, there are few studies on nursing guidance concerning sexual activity; moreover, addressing sexuality with patients is still a challenge for nurses.