SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • acute myocardial infarction;
  • nursing;
  • sexual counselling

Aims and objectives

To identify studies on cardiovascular changes resulting from sexual activity, as well as the occurrence of sexual dysfunction after acute myocardial infarction.

Background

Many patients with acute myocardial infarction experience sexual dysfunction, mainly due to fear of dying and/or of having another heart attack.

Design

The research was an integrative literature review.

Methods

Searched databases included Lilacs, Medline and PubMed, and the following were inclusion criteria: national and international articles published from 2000–2011, written in Portuguese, Spanish or English.

Results

The results indicate that many patients with coronary heart disease experience sexual dysfunction whether from fear of experiencing another acute myocardial infarction or due to the side effects of medication. Studies show there are few cardiovascular changes during sexual activity.

Conclusions

Because sexual dysfunction negatively affects the lives of people, providing guidance to individuals with cardiovascular disease, especially after an acute myocardial infarction, may be a crucial factor in determining quality of life and should be incorporated into clinical practice.

Relevance to clinical practice

Despite the subject's importance, there are few studies on nursing guidance concerning sexual activity; moreover, addressing sexuality with patients is still a challenge for nurses.