Proposed nurse-led initiatives in improving physical health of people with serious mental illness: a survey of nurses in mental health
Article first published online: 8 OCT 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Journal of Clinical Nursing
Volume 23, Issue 7-8, pages 1018–1029, April 2014
How to Cite
Happell, B., Platania-Phung, C. and Scott, D. (2014), Proposed nurse-led initiatives in improving physical health of people with serious mental illness: a survey of nurses in mental health. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 23: 1018–1029. doi: 10.1111/jocn.12371
- Issue published online: 10 MAR 2014
- Article first published online: 8 OCT 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 23 MAR 2013
- Research Advancement Award Scheme
- Merit Grant Scheme of Central Queensland University
- mental health;
- nursing role;
- physical health;
- survey design
Aims and objectives
To identify nurse perceptions on the potential value of general and specific nursing approaches to improving physical health outcomes of people with serious mental illness.
People diagnosed with serious mental illnesses experience heightened rates of physical illnesses and can be supported better via healthcare system prevention and management. Nurses working in mental health are a critical part of a system-wide approach to improving physical health care, but there is little known on their views on specific approaches within Australia (e.g. screening for risks, stigma reduction).
A national, cross-sectional and nonrandom survey study delivered online.
Members of the Australian College of Mental Health Nurses (n = 643), representing nurses employed in mental healthcare services across Australia (71·6% from public mental health services). Participants were asked to rate the potential of nine nurse-based strategies for improving physical health (options: ‘yes’, ‘no’, ‘not sure’) and the potential value of 10 nursing and general strategies for improving physical health (rating from ‘negative value’ to ‘significant value’).
There was a high endorsement of all nine nurse-based strategies for physical health (e.g. lifestyle programmes, screening, linking services), although there was less support for reducing antipsychotics or advocating for fewer side effects. Participants mainly viewed all strategies as of moderate to significant value, with the most promising value attached to colocation of primary and mental care services, lifestyle programmes and improving primary care services (reduce stigma, train GPs).
Australian nurses working in mental health services view a range of nurse-based strategies for improving physical healthcare services and standards as important.
Relevance to clinical practice
Nurses collectively need to work with consumers, health agencies and the general public to further define how to organise and implement physical health integration strategies, towards more comprehensive health care of people with serious mental illness.