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Keywords:

  • caring behaviours;
  • Caring Behavior Assessment scale;
  • critical care unit;
  • Jordan

Aims and objectives

To (1) identify the perceptions of Jordanian patients who suffer from coronary artery diseases towards nurse caring behaviours in critical care units; (2) identify the perceptions of Jordanian nurses who work in critical care units towards nurse caring behaviours; and (3) compare the perceptions of both patients and nurses towards nurse caring behaviours in critical care units.

Background

Caring is an important concept in nursing, when nursing behaviours were perceived by patients as caring behaviours, and thus, their satisfaction with the quality of care can be improved. Therefore, it is important for nurses to be knowledgeable about the caring behaviours as perceived by patients who complained from coronary artery diseases themselves.

Design

A descriptive comparative design was used.

Methods

A convenience sample of 150 patients who complained from coronary artery diseases and 60 critical care unit nurses completed the demographic form and the Caring Behavior Assessment scale.

Results

Patients in critical care units perceived physical and technical behaviours as most important caring behaviours, whereas nurses in critical care units perceived teaching behaviours as most important caring behaviours.

Conclusion

There were significant differences between patient participants' and nurse participants' perceptions towards four subscales of Caring Behavior Assessment scale that should be considered when caring for patients with coronary artery diseases.

Relevance to clinical practice

Patients with coronary artery diseases need well-trained and clinically competent nurses to meet their needs. ‘Spiritual needs’ was an important nurse caring behaviour that should be emphasised in nursing practice.