Long-Term Mortality and Morbidity after Button Bentall Operation

Authors


  • Conflict of interest: The authors acknowledge no conflict of interest in the submission.

Address for correspondence: Chan-Young Na, M.D., Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center, 56 Dalseong-ro, Jung-gu, Daegu 700-712, Republic of Korea. Fax: 82-53-250-7795; e-mail: koreaheartsurgeon@hotmail.com

Abstract

Background and aim of the study

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the long-term outcomes of the button Bentall procedure for the correction of aortic root disease.

Methods

A total of 195 patients who underwent the button Bentall procedure between 1997 and 2010 were studied. The main pathology was annuloaortic ectasia. A mechanical valve was used in 163 patients (83.6%). The median duration of follow-up was 64 months (14133.0 patient-years).

Results

There were five operative deaths (2.6%). Late overall mortality was 7.9%. The actuarial overall survival rate was 95.8 ± 1.5% at 5 years, 89.6 ± 3.4% at 10 years, and 75.9 ± 7.3% at 15 years. Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified preoperative poor mobility, cardiopulmonary bypass time, deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) use, embolism, and bleeding event as significant independent risk factors for the late overall mortality. At 5, 10, and 15 years, actuarial composite valve graft-related event-free survival was 85.8 ± 2.8%, 75.5 ± 4.4%, and 69.3 ± 7.3%, respectively. Hypertension and concomitant coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) were independent predictors of composite valve graft-related events. Age, concomitant CABG, and DHCA use were associated with bleeding.

Conclusions

Valve-related morbidities, such as embolism and bleeding, determine the long-term overall mortality in aortic root replacement with button Bentall operation, similar to that in routine valve surgery. doi: 10.1111/jocs.12085 (J Card Surg 2013;28:280–284)

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