Young patients requiring myocardial revascularization are considered at low operative risk, but data on their outcome are scarce. This study was undertaken to evaluate the prevalence and 30-day mortality of patients aged <50 years after isolated coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG).
Materials and methods
This is a multicenter study including 2207 patients aged <50 years undergoing isolated CABG at 68 Italian hospitals.
The proportion of patients aged <50 years in this series was 5.3% and varied significantly from 0% to 9.9% in different institutions (p < 0.0001). The 30-day mortality rate was 0.9%. One-to-one propensity score matching of patients aged <50 years versus older patients resulted in 2013 pairs whose 30-day mortality was 0.9% and 2.2%, respectively (p = 0.001). Logistic regression showed that left ventricular ejection fraction <30% (OR 5.5, 95% CI 1.6–18.6), peripheral vascular disease (OR 3.6, 95% CI 1.1–12.0), pulmonary hypertension (OR 18.1, 95% CI 1.8–187.0), critical preoperative state (OR 4.7, 95% CI 1.5–14.3), and emergency operation (OR 3.8, 95% CI 1.1–12.9) were independent predictors of 30-day mortality. Meta-analysis of five studies reporting on patients aged <50 years who underwent isolated CABG showed that operative mortality in these patients was 0.9% (95% CI, 0.8–1.1%, I2 0%, 135/14,316 patients).
The proportion of patients aged <50 years undergoing CABG is low and varies significantly among institutions. The results of this study and a meta-analysis of the literature data showed that CABG can be carried out in young patients with an extremely low risk of operative mortality. doi: 10.1111/jocs.12091 (J Card Surg 2013;28:207–211)