Prospective evaluation of the Amplicor HPV test for predicting progression of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2
Reprint request to: Dr Takayoshi Nogawa, Department of Gynecology, National Hospital Organization Shikoku Cancer Center, 160 Minamiumenomoto Kou, Matsuyama, Ehime 791-0280, Japan. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of the Amplicor HPV test, which detects 13 high-risk human papillomaviruses (HR-HPV), and to determine the association between consistent HR-HPV infection and progression of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2 to CIN3.
Material and Methods
This multi-institutional prospective study enrolled 122 women diagnosed with CIN2 by central pathological review. Subjects were tested at study entry and every 6 months over a 24-month period by cytology, Amplicor HPV test and colposcopy. Central pathological review was performed at the end of the study or if CIN progression was suspected.
Ninety-three of the 122 participants completed all tests in the study and were included in the analysis. HR-HPV was detected in 87/93 (93.5%) participants at study entry. Twenty-four of the 87 HR-HPV-positive participants progressed to ≥CIN3, compared with none of the six participants who were HR-HPV-negative at study entry. The positive predictive value, negative predictive value, sensitivity and specificity of the Amplicor HPV test at study entry for predicting ≥CIN3 progression were 27.6%, 100%, 100% and 8.7%, respectively. Sixty-two participants were HR-HPV-positive from study entry through to study completion, 24 of whom progressed to ≥CIN3. None of 31 participants without continuous HR-HPV detection progressed to ≥CIN3. For continuous HR-HPV detection, the positive predictive value, negative predictive value, sensitivity and specificity of the Amplicor HPV test were 38.7%, 100%, 100% and 44.9%, respectively.
All participants who progressed to ≥CIN3 were continuously HR-HPV-positive. The Amplicor HPV test thus demonstrated a good performance for predicting CIN3 progression.