Cross-sectional study of gestational weight gain and perinatal outcomes in pregnant women at a tertiary care center in southern India
Article first published online: 22 JUL 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research © 2013 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Volume 40, Issue 1, pages 25–31, January 2014
How to Cite
Radhakrishnan, U., Kolar, G. and Nirmalan, P. K. (2014), Cross-sectional study of gestational weight gain and perinatal outcomes in pregnant women at a tertiary care center in southern India. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, 40: 25–31. doi: 10.1111/jog.12115
- Issue published online: 1 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 22 JUL 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 27 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Received: 24 SEP 2012
- body mass index;
- gestational weight gain;
- Institute of Medicine guidelines;
- perinatal outcome;
The aim of this study was to determine maternal and neonatal outcomes of less than recommended or excess gestational weight gain (GWG) based on the recommended Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines.
Material and Methods
Using a cross-sectional study design, GWG was assessed for 1462 pregnant women presenting to a tertiary care perinatal institute in India. Body mass index at baseline, co-existing morbidities, fetal growth, details of delivery, and maternal and fetal outcomes were determined and documented. Appropriate GWG for each woman was determined based on the revised IOM guidelines. Outcome measures included the proportion of pregnant women compliant with IOM guidelines for GWG and associations of less than recommended or excess GWG with maternal and neonatal outcomes.
A total of 547 (37.41%, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 34.96–39.92) pregnant women gained less than recommended and 313 (21.41%, 95%CI: 19.36–23.57) pregnant women gained more than the recommended weight. Preterm deliveries were associated with less than optimal weight gain (adjusted odds ratio 3.58, 95%CI: 1.75–7.32) after adjusting for gestational age at delivery. GWG was not associated with neonatal outcomes in this population.
The lack of associations with perinatal outcomes indicates that the IOM guidelines may not be the appropriate standard for monitoring GWG in this population.