Vulvar pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia associated with herpes simplex virus type II mimicking cancer in an immunocompromised patient


  • Conflict of interest: All authors declare no conflict of interest.


We report an exaggerated dermatological inflammatory condition in an immunocompromised patient. The patient was a 51-year-old woman who had HIV infection and a history of cervical cancer. Three years after highly active antiretroviral therapy with an improved immune status, and 2 years after remission of cervical cancer, she developed verrucous perineal masses. Provisional diagnosis was recurrent cervical cancer or primary vulvar cancer. Pathological features revealed pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia associated with herpes viral infection. After minimal response to systemic oral antiviral drugs and topical imiquimod, she had clinical resolution with the addition of systemic oral corticosteroid.