Factors related to burnout among Chinese female hospital nurses: cross-sectional survey in Liaoning Province of China
Article first published online: 1 DEC 2012
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Journal of Nursing Management
Special Issue: This issue: Retention, fatigue, burnout and job satisfaction: new aspects and challenges Issue editor: Kristiina Hyrkas
Volume 22, Issue 5, pages 621–629, July 2014
How to Cite
2014) Journal of Nursing Management 22, 621–629. Factors related to burnout among Chinese female hospital nurses: cross-sectional survey in Liaoning Province of China, , , , & (
- Issue published online: 14 JUL 2014
- Article first published online: 1 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 13 AUG 2012
- Maslach Burnout Inventory – General Survey;
- occupational stress
To explore the factors associated with burnout among female hospital nurses in China.
Burnout has been a major concern in the field of occupational health, and yet there has been little research exploring the factors related to burnout among Chinese nurses. Exploring the factors associated with burnout is important in improving nurses’ health and the quality of health care services in China.
The study population consisted of 1845 female hospital nurses in the Liaoning Province of China. Burnout was measured using the Chinese version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory – General Survey; occupational stress was measured using the Chinese versions of the Job Content Questionnaire and Effort–Reward Imbalance Questionnaire. A general linear regression model was applied to analyse the factors associated with burnout.
Mean scores (±SD) were 11.74 (7.14) for emotional exhaustion, 7.12 (5.67) for cynicism and 23.34 (9.60) for self-efficacy. Strong extrinsic effort was the most powerful predictor of emotional exhaustion and cynicism; strong psychological job demands were the most robust predictor of low self-efficacy.
The findings suggest that occupational stress was strongly related to burnout among female hospital nurses in China.
Implications for nursing management
Occupational stress was identified as the most robust predictor of burnout among Chinese female hospital nurses. Reducing burnout among nurses working in China may require health education, health promotion and occupational training programmes aimed at improving work situations and reducing occupational stress.