Workplace empowerment and nurses' job satisfaction: a systematic literature review
Article first published online: 21 JAN 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Journal of Nursing Management
Special Issue: This issue: Effectiveness and implementation of patient safety Issue editor: Elisabeth Severinsson
Volume 22, Issue 7, pages 855–871, October 2014
How to Cite
2014) Journal of Nursing Management 22, 855–871. Workplace empowerment and nurses' job satisfaction: a systematic literature review, , (
- Issue published online: 9 OCT 2014
- Article first published online: 21 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 18 SEP 2012
- job satisfaction;
- psychological empowerment;
- structural empowerment;
This systematic review aimed to synthesize and analyse the studies that examined the relationship between nurse empowerment and job satisfaction in the nursing work environment.
Job dissatisfaction in the nursing work environment is the primary cause of nursing turnover. Job satisfaction has been linked to a high level of empowerment in nurses.
We reviewed 596 articles, written in English, that examined the relationship between structural empowerment, psychological empowerment and nurses' job satisfaction. Twelve articles were included in the final analysis.
A significant positive relation was found between empowerment and nurses' job satisfaction. Structural empowerment and psychological empowerment affect job satisfaction differently.
A satisfying work environment for nurses is related to structural and psychological empowerment in the workplace. Structural empowerment is an antecedent of psychological empowerment and this relationship culminates in positive retention outcomes such as job satisfaction.
Implication for nursing management
This review could be useful for guiding leaders' strategies to develop and maintain an empowering work environment that enhances job satisfaction. This could lead to nurse retention and positive organisational and patient outcomes.