• Open Access

The role of leadership in the implementation of person-centred care using Dementia Care Mapping: a study in three nursing homes

Authors

  • Anne Marie Mork Rokstad RN, MHS,

    PhD Candidate, Corresponding author
    1. Ageing and Health, Norwegian Centre for Dementia Research, Education and Service Development, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    • Correspondence

      Anne Marie Mork Rokstad

      Ageing and Health, Norwegian Centre for Research, Education and Service Development,

      Department of Geriatric Medicine

      Oslo University Hospital

      Bygg 37 Ullevaal

      0407 Oslo

      Norway

      E-mail: anne.marie.rokstad@aldringoghelse.no

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  • Solfrid Vatne RN, PhD,

    Professor
    1. Molde University College, Specialized University in Logistics, Molde, Norway
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  • Knut Engedal MD, PhD,

    Professor and Research Manager
    1. Ageing and Health, Norwegian Centre for Research, Education and Service Development, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
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  • Geir Selbæk PhD

    Research Director and Psychiatrist
    1. Centre for Old Age Psychiatry Research, Innlandet Hospital Trust, Ottestad, Norway
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Abstract

Aim

The aim of this study was to investigate the role of leadership in the implementation of person-centred care (PCC) in nursing homes using Dementia Care Mapping (DCM).

Background

Leadership is important for the implementation of nursing practice. However, the empirical knowledge of positive leadership in processes enhancing person-centred culture of care in nursing homes is limited.

Method

The study has a qualitative descriptive design. The DCM method was used in three nursing homes. Eighteen staff members and seven leaders participated in focus-group interviews centring on the role of leadership in facilitating the development process.

Results

The different roles of leadership in the three nursing homes, characterized as ‘highly professional’, ‘market orientated’ or ‘traditional’, seemed to influence to what extent the DCM process led to successful implementation of PCC.

Conclusion and Implications for Nursing Management

This study provided useful information about the influence of leadership in the implementation of person-centred care in nursing homes. Leaders should be active role models, expound a clear vision and include and empower all staff in the professional development process.

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