Get access

Relationship between occupational stress and coping strategy among operating theatre nurses in China: a questionnaire survey

Authors

  • Hui Zhou RN, Dipl Nur, Adv Dip Nur, BSc (Nur),

    Head Nurse
    1. Operating Centre, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Yu-Hua Gong RN, BMed, MMed, PhD

    Teaching Assistant, Corresponding author
    1. Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, Clinical Research Centre, Singapore City, Singapore
    • Correspondence

      Yu-hua Gong

      Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies

      Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine

      National University of Singapore

      Level 2, Clinical Research Centre, Block MD11

      10 Medical Drive 1

      Singapore City 117597

      Singapore

      E-mail: nurgy@nus.edu.sg

    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Aim

To explore the relationship between occupational stress and coping strategies among operating theatre nurses in China.

Background

Studies on occupational stress and burnout in nurses are common, but there is a dearth of research on the coping strategies of operating theatre nurses.

Methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted in a typical operating theatre in China. A questionnaire survey was conducted among 70 nurses. The data were analysed using correlation and regression methods.

Results

Nurses reported high stress levels in the workload and time pressure subscales. Female nurses' occupational stress was positively correlated with designation and negatively correlated with operation sets per day and night shifts. Nurses preferred self-control as a coping strategy. Active coping was positively related to resource and environmental problems, and passive coping was positively related to workload and time pressure, and to interpersonal relationship and management issues.

Conclusion

Nursing managers could reduce operating theatre nurses' passive coping by decreasing the stressors of workload and time pressure, and interpersonal relationships and management problems.

Implications for nursing management

Nursing managers could employ more nurses to reduce nurses' workload and occupational stress. In addition, managers should consider fortifying nurses' active coping strategies and training nurses in problem-solving skills.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary