Job satisfaction and work related variables in Chinese cardiac critical care nurses

Authors


Abstract

Aim

To explore critical care nurses' views of their job satisfaction and the relationship with job burnout, practice environment, coping style, social support, intention to stay in current employment and other work-related variables.

Background

Nurse shortage is a global issue, especially in critical care. Job satisfaction is the most frequently cited factor linked to nurses' turnover.

Method

A convenience sample of cardiac critical care nurses (= 215; 97.7% response rate) from 12 large general hospitals in Shanghai was surveyed from December 2010 to March 2011.

Result

Over half of the sample reported satisfaction with their jobs. Nurses with 10–20 years of professional experience and those who had taken all their holiday entitlement reported higher levels of job satisfaction. The independent variables of practice environment, intention to stay, emotional exhaustion, personal accomplishment and positive coping style explained about 55% of the variance in job satisfaction.

Conclusion

Chinese cardiac critical care nurses' job satisfaction was related to work related variables, which are amenable to managerial action.

Implications for nursing management

Our findings highlight the imperative of improving intrinsic and extrinsic rewards, together with the flexibility of work schedules to promote job satisfaction and staff retention. A clinical ladder system is needed to provide promotion opportunities for Chinese nurses.

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