Cynicism in hospital staff nurses: the effect of intention to leave and job change over time
Article first published online: 21 NOV 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Journal of Nursing Management
How to Cite
2013) Journal of Nursing Management Cynicism in hospital staff nurses: the effect of intention to leave and job change over time, , , (
- Article first published online: 21 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 16 AUG 2013
- Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada
- employee cynicism;
- hierarchical linear modelling;
- job change;
- longitudinal study;
- nurse turnover
To determine whether cynicism changes over time as a function of job change for nurses with high and low intentions to leave.
Cynicism develops in reaction to organisational events including leaders' actions and can result in costly passive withdrawal behaviours.
Hospital staff nurses (n = 436) completed a survey assessing their intentions to leave the job and cynicism and then completed follow-up surveys assessing cynicism and job change 1 or 2 years later. Hierarchical linear modelling was used to examine the effect of the interaction between intention to leave, job change and time on cynicism.
Nurses who left their hospital and nurses with high initial intention to leave who changed jobs within their hospital reported declining levels of cynicism over 2 years. Cynicism increased for nurses with low intention to leave who remained at the same job and for those who experienced an internal job change despite low intention to leave.
For those who desire it, an internal job change may allow for a recalibration of cynicism and increase employee engagement.
Implications for nursing management
To attenuate cynicism, hospital leaders need to act and communicate with integrity and be cautious not to arbitrarily change the jobs of nurses with low intention to leave.