The examination of nursing work through a role accountability framework
Article first published online: 27 NOV 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Journal of Nursing Management
Volume 23, Issue 5, pages 604–612, July 2015
How to Cite
2015) Journal of Nursing Management 23, 604–612. The examination of nursing work through a role accountability framework, , & (
- Issue published online: 3 JUL 2015
- Article first published online: 27 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 30 AUG 2013
- Alberta Innovates – Health Solutions
- Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research
- Alberta Health Service
- Calgary Health Region
- University of Calgary Faculty of Nursing
- health care aides;
- role accountability;
- work activities;
- work sampling
To use work analysis data to describe the amount of time registered nurses (RNs) and health care aides (HCA) spent on key clinical role accountabilities and other work activities.
Health care providers are not effectively utilized. To improve their efficiency and effectiveness, it is necessary to understand how nursing providers enact their role accountabilities.
Using palm pilot Function Analysis technology, observers recorded the activities of 35 registered nurse and 17 health care aides shifts on a second-by-second basis over 5 days. Work activities were classified using the Nursing Role Effectiveness Model, which conceptualizes nursing practice in terms of clinical role accountabilities.
The registered nurses spent a considerable amount of time on bio-medical assessment/surveillance, relatively little time was spent on patient and family psycho–social–cultural–spiritual assessment/surveillance and support.
Unlike other work sampling studies, this research project examined nursing work within a role accountability framework; an important first step in the call for the measurement of the impact of nursing care.
Implications for nursing management
Changes to how registered nurses and health care aides enact their role will require a clear vision by unit managers and their staff of their role accountabilities, and the gap between ideal and actual practice.