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Hospital nurses' wellbeing at work: a theoretical model

Authors

  • Kati Utriainen PhD,

    Coordinator, Corresponding author
    1. Occupational Health Services, Institute of Health Sciences, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    • Correspondence

      Kati Utriainen

      Occupational Health Services

      Institute of Health Sciences

      University of Oulu PO Box 5000

      University of Oulu

      PO Box 5000

      90014 Oulu

      Finland

      E-mail: kati.utriainen@oulu.fi

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  • Leena Ala-Mursula PhD,

    Professor (acting)
    1. Occupational Health Services, Institute of Health Sciences, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
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  • Helvi Kyngäs PhD

    Professor
    1. Nursing Science, Institute of Health Sciences, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
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Abstract

Aim

To develop a theoretical model of hospital nurses' wellbeing at work.

Background

The concept of wellbeing at work is presented without an exact definition and without considering different contents.

Method

A model was developed in a deductive manner and empirical data collected from nurses (n = 233) working in a university hospital. Explorative factor analysis was used.

Results

The main concepts were: patients' experience of high-quality care; assistance and support among nurses; nurses' togetherness and cooperation; fluent practical organisation of work; challenging and meaningful work; freedom to express diverse feelings in the work community; well-conducted everyday nursing; status related to the work itself; fair and supportive leadership; opportunities for professional development; fluent communication with other professionals; and being together with other nurses in an informal way.

Conclusions

Themes included: collegial relationships; enhancing high-quality patient care; supportive and fair leadership; challenging, meaningful and well organised work; and opportunities for professional development. Object-dependent wellbeing was supported.

Implications for nursing management

Managers should focus on strengthening the positive aspect of wellbeing at work, focusing on providing fluently organised work practices, fair and supportive leadership and togetherness while allowing nurses to implement their own ideas and promote the experience of meaningfulness.

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