†For comments on the present and/or a previous version of this article, I thank Elizabeth Arkush, Lawrie Balfour, Colin Bird, Suzanne Dovi, Chad Flanders, Harrison Frye, Archon Fung, Pete Furia, Michael Kates, Colin Kielty, George Klosko, Jane Mansbridge, Charles Mathewes, Kirstie McClure, Jennifer Petersen, Allison Pugh, Andrew Rehfeld, Michael Saward, Jalane Schmidt, Melissa Schwartzberg, Molly Scudder, Denise Walsh, Ron Watson, Kit Wellman, Stephen White and audiences at the University of Virginia Political Theory Colloquium, Wellesley College, Washington University of St. Louis, Harvard University, the 2008 American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, the 2008 conference “Beyond Elections: The Democratic Legitimacy of New Forms of Representation” at Princeton University, and the 2012 Association for Political Theory Conference. Two anonymous referees for this journal provided exceptionally helpful feedback. Claire Timperley provided excellent comments and research assistance. All errors and omissions are of course my own. For a more extended discussion of the themes addressed in this article, see Chapter 5 of my book, Between Samaritans and States: Political Ethics for Humanitarian INGOs, forthcoming from Oxford University Press. This article is dedicated to Gertrude Kleinberg and to the memory of Iris Marion Young, both advocates committed to fighting misuses of power.