Clinical Application of the Five-Factor Model
Article first published online: 11 JAN 2013
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Personality
Special Issue: Personality Psychology and Psychotherapy
Volume 81, Issue 6, pages 515–527, December 2013
How to Cite
Widiger, T. A. and Presnall, J. R. (2013), Clinical Application of the Five-Factor Model. Journal of Personality, 81: 515–527. doi: 10.1111/jopy.12004
- Issue published online: 4 NOV 2013
- Article first published online: 11 JAN 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 28 AUG 2012 03:00AM EST
The Five-Factor Model (FFM) has become the predominant dimensional model of general personality structure. The purpose of this paper is to suggest a clinical application. A substantial body of research indicates that the personality disorders included within the American Psychiatric Association's (APA) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) can be understood as extreme and/or maladaptive variants of the FFM (the acronym “DSM” refers to any particular edition of the APA DSM). In addition, the current proposal for the forthcoming fifth edition of the DSM (i.e., DSM-5) is shifting closely toward an FFM dimensional trait model of personality disorder. Advantages of this shifting conceptualization are discussed, including treatment planning.