This work was funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (100014_122435).
The Influence of Avoidance Temperament and Avoidance-Based Achievement Goals on Flow
Version of Record online: 16 JUL 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Personality
Volume 82, Issue 3, pages 171–181, June 2014
How to Cite
Oertig, D., Schüler, J., Brandstätter, V. and Augustine, A. A. (2014), The Influence of Avoidance Temperament and Avoidance-Based Achievement Goals on Flow. Journal of Personality, 82: 171–181. doi: 10.1111/jopy.12043
- Issue online: 28 APR 2014
- Version of Record online: 16 JUL 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 14 MAY 2013 11:20AM EST
- Swiss National Science Foundation. Grant Number: 100014_122435
In the present research, we conducted two studies designed to examine the joint influence of avoidance temperament and avoidance-based achievement goals on the experience of flow on a creativity task. In both a laboratory study (N = 101; Mage = 22.61, SDage = 4.03; 74.3% female) and a naturalistic study (N = 102; Mage = 16.23, SDage = 1.13; 48% female), participants high in avoidance temperament were shown to experience greater flow when performance-avoidance goals were induced; no differences were found in any of the other three achievement goal conditions from the 2 × 2 achievement goal framework. These findings reveal a short-term benefit for a disposition-goal match grounded in avoidance motivation, and point to the need for more research on both avoidance-based matches and the short-term versus long-term implications of such matches.