This study was supported by National Institute of Mental Health Grant MH54543 to C. Randall Colvin.
Narcissism and Discrepancy Between Self and Friends' Perceptions of Personality
Article first published online: 9 AUG 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Personality
Volume 82, Issue 4, pages 278–286, August 2014
How to Cite
Park, S. W. and Colvin, C. R. (2014), Narcissism and Discrepancy Between Self and Friends' Perceptions of Personality. Journal of Personality, 82: 278–286. doi: 10.1111/jopy.12053
- Issue published online: 7 JUL 2014
- Article first published online: 9 AUG 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 25 JUN 2013 06:48AM EST
- National Institute of Mental Health. Grant Number: MH54543
Most research on narcissism and person perception has used strangers as perceivers. However, research has demonstrated that strangers' ratings are influenced by narcissists' stylish appearance (Back, Schmukle, & Egloff, 2010). In the present study, we recruited participants and their close friends, individuals whose close relationship should immunize them to participants' superficial appearance cues. We investigated the relation between narcissism and personality ratings by self and friends. Participants (N = 66; 38 women; Mage = 20.83 years) completed the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (Raskin & Terry, 1988) and described their personality on the 100-item California Adult Q-Sort (CAQ; Block, 2008). Participants' personality was also described on the CAQ by close friends. The “optimally adjusted individual” prototype was used to summarize participant and friend personality ratings (Block, 2008). Participants with high narcissism scores were ascribed higher optimal adjustment by self than by friends. Narcissistic individuals' self-ratings were extremely positive and more favorable than friends' ratings of them.