Correction added on 30 December 2013, after first online publication: This work was supported by a grant from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (to Carlos Valiente and Nancy Eisenberg; 1R01HD068522)
On the Cross-Cultural Replicability of the Resilient, Undercontrolled, and Overcontrolled Personality Types
Article first published online: 16 OCT 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Personality
Volume 82, Issue 4, pages 340–353, August 2014
How to Cite
Alessandri, G., Vecchione, M., Donnellan, B. M., Eisenberg, N., Caprara, G. V. and Cieciuch, J. (2014), On the Cross-Cultural Replicability of the Resilient, Undercontrolled, and Overcontrolled Personality Types. Journal of Personality, 82: 340–353. doi: 10.1111/jopy.12065
- Issue published online: 7 JUL 2014
- Article first published online: 16 OCT 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 19 AUG 2013 11:05AM EST
- Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Grant Number: 1R01HD068522
Personality types reflect typical configurations of personality attributes within individuals. Over the last 20 years, researchers have identified a set of three replicable personality types: resilient (R), undercontrolled (U), and overcontrolled (O) types. In this study, we examined the cross-cultural replicability of the RUO types in Italy, Poland, Spain, and the United States. Personality types were identified using cluster analyses of Big Five profiles in large samples of college students from Italy (n = 322), the United States (n = 499), Spain (n = 420), and Poland (n = 235). Prior to clustering the profiles, the measurement invariance of the Big Five measure across samples was tested. We found evidence for the RUO types in all four samples. The three-cluster solution showed a better fit over alternative solutions and had a relatively high degree of cross-cultural generalizability. The RUO types are evident in samples from four countries with distinct linguistic and cultural traditions. Results were discussed in light of the importance of considering how traits are organized within individuals for advancing contemporary personality psychology.