This research was funded in part by a University of Queensland Early Career Researcher Grant and Postdoctoral Research Fellowship to Daniel F. Gucciardi. Appreciation is extended to Jon Chan for his assistance with data collection for Study 2, and to all those people and organizations that assisted with participant recruitment.
The Concept of Mental Toughness: Tests of Dimensionality, Nomological Network, and Traitness
Article first published online: 27 FEB 2014
© 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Personality
How to Cite
Gucciardi, D. F., Hanton, S., Gordon, S., Mallett, C. J. and Temby, P. (2014), The Concept of Mental Toughness: Tests of Dimensionality, Nomological Network, and Traitness. Journal of Personality. doi: 10.1111/jopy.12079
- Article first published online: 27 FEB 2014
- Accepted manuscript online: 15 JAN 2014 09:39PM EST
- University of Queensland Early Career Researcher Grant
- Postdoctoral Research Fellowship
Mental toughness has received increased scholarly attention in recent years, yet conceptual issues related to its (a) dimensionality, (b) nomological network, and (c) traitness remain unresolved. The series of studies reported in this article were designed to examine these three substantive issues across several achievement contexts, including sport, education, military, and the workplace. Five studies were conducted to examine these research aims—Study 1: N = 30; Study 2: calibration sample (n = 418), tertiary students (n = 500), athletes (n = 427), and employees (n = 550); Study 3: N = 497 employees; Study 4: N = 203 tertiary students; Study 5: N = 115 army candidates. Collectively, the results of these studies revealed that mental toughness may be best conceptualized as a unidimensional rather than a multidimensional concept; plays an important role in performance, goal progress, and thriving despite stress; and can vary and have enduring properties across situations and time. This series of studies provides a foundation for further basic and applied research of mental toughness across various achievement contexts.