We would like to thank the editors, two referees and participants in the November 2011 conference at the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago and a CEP seminar for a number of helpful comments and suggestions. Kory Kantenga provided invaluable research assistance. This research was funded in part by the Economic and Social Research Council. Data from the BCS was provided by the ESRC Data Archive and the Home Office.
IMMIGRANT ENCLAVES AND CRIME*
Version of Record online: 18 OCT 2012
© 2012, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Regional Science
Volume 53, Issue 1, pages 118–141, February 2013
How to Cite
Bell, B. and Machin, S. (2013), IMMIGRANT ENCLAVES AND CRIME. Journal of Regional Science, 53: 118–141. doi: 10.1111/jors.12003
- Issue online: 12 FEB 2013
- Version of Record online: 18 OCT 2012
- Received: December 2011; revised: April 2012; accepted: April 2012.
ABSTRACT We study the link between neighborhood immigrant concentration and crime in England. Over previous decades there has been a significant increase in the number of immigrant enclaves, where immigrants account for a substantial fraction of the local population. Using both recorded crime and self-reported crime victimization data, we find that crime is significantly lower in those neighborhoods with sizeable immigrant population shares. The effect is nonlinear and only becomes significant in enclaves. The crime reducing effect is substantially enhanced if the enclave is composed of immigrants from the same ethnic background. We discuss some possible mechanisms for the results we observe.