The authors are grateful to the editors, two anonymous referees, Randy Capps, Ellen Hanak, Martin Guzi, Hans Johnson, Sherrie Kossoudji, Eric Larsen, Lindsay Lowell and Deborah Reed for their helpful comments as well as participants in meetings of the Population Association of America, the Western Economic Association, the Institute of the Study of Labor (IZA), the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management, the Migration Policy Institute and the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago's Conference on Immigration and the Firm.
WAGE AND MOBILITY EFFECTS OF LEGALIZATION: EVIDENCE FROM THE NEW IMMIGRANT SURVEY*
Article first published online: 28 OCT 2012
© 2012, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Regional Science
Volume 53, Issue 1, pages 171–197, February 2013
How to Cite
Lofstrom, M., Hill, L. and Hayes, J. (2013), WAGE AND MOBILITY EFFECTS OF LEGALIZATION: EVIDENCE FROM THE NEW IMMIGRANT SURVEY. Journal of Regional Science, 53: 171–197. doi: 10.1111/jors.12005
- Issue published online: 12 FEB 2013
- Article first published online: 28 OCT 2012
- Received: December 2011; revised: April 2012; accepted: May 2012.
ABSTRACT Using New Immigrant Survey data, we identify immigrants who were unauthorized to work prior to obtaining Legal Permanent Resident status, and examine whether lacking legal status to work in the United States constrains employment outcomes of illegal immigrants. The data reveal no evidence of improved employment outcomes attributable to legal status, except among the high-skilled. In light of evidence that unauthorized immigrants experienced increased wages as a result of receiving amnesty through the 1986 Immigration and Reform Control Act, we interpret the results as consistent with a reduced threat of employer sanctions combined with widespread availability of false work authorization documents.