The authors wish to thank three anonymous referees and JRS co-editor Marlon Boarnet for excellent comments and constructive suggestions. We also thank Jan Brueckner, Christian Hilber, and participants of a seminar at CPB, of the 2011 Kuhmo-Nectar Conference and Summer School on Transport Economics, Stockholm, and of the 7th Meeting of the Urban Economics Association, Ottawa, for helpful comments. Jan Rouwendal acknowledges financial support from the National Science Foundation (NWO) through the “Economic evaluation of recreation” project.
ON THE VALUE OF FOREGONE OPEN SPACE IN SPRAWLING CITIES†
Version of Record online: 2 JUL 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Regional Science
Volume 54, Issue 1, pages 61–69, January 2014
How to Cite
Vermeulen, W. and Rouwendal, J. (2014), ON THE VALUE OF FOREGONE OPEN SPACE IN SPRAWLING CITIES. Journal of Regional Science, 54: 61–69. doi: 10.1111/jors.12033
- Issue online: 7 JAN 2014
- Version of Record online: 2 JUL 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: FEB 2013
- Manuscript Revised: OCT 2012
- Manuscript Received: FEB 2012
- National Science Foundation (NWO)
Foregone benefits of the open space that is sacrificed through urban sprawl are hard to quantify. We obtain a simple benchmark measure by introducing a demand for trips beyond the urban boundary into the monocentric city model. The externality arises from the increase in travel costs that expansion of the city imposes on its prior inhabitants. An empirical application illustrates the moderate informational requirements. It indicates that open space externalities warrant rather mild restrictions on urban expansion.