Get access

CLUSTER POLICIES AND FIRM SELECTION: EVIDENCE FROM FRANCE

Authors


  • We thank Matthieu Crozet for helpful advice. We also thank three anonymous referees and Steven Brakman, the editor, for very useful comments. Funding Acknowledgment: This paper is produced as part of the project European Firms in a Global Economy: Internal policies for external competitiveness (EFIGE), a Collaborative Project funded by the European Commission's Seventh Research Framework Programme, Contract number 225551. We are grateful to the French administration for providing us with the list of firms in the selected clusters.

ABSTRACT

We shed light on the selection of beneficiaries from the French competitiveness cluster policy, launched in 2005 and extended to 2012. We disentangle the selection and self-selection effects, as emphasized in the theoretical literature on regional and industrial policy. Our main conclusion is that winners were (self-)selected at both steps of the procedure, and that this holds for the three cluster types: “worldwide,” “potentially worldwide,” and “national clusters.” We thus provide a methodology which allows to contrast the effective outcomes of the selection process and the official objectives of cluster policies in terms of targeting, helping in their econometric evaluation.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary