I would like to thank S. Guillaumont-Jeanneney, H. Guo, Z. Liang, M-F. Renard, H. Xiong, and the participants of various seminars, of the 5th Conference of the International Association for China Planning (Beijing, June 2011), and of the International Conference on the Spatial Economy (Guangzhou, July 2011) for their constructive comments. The paper has also greatly benefited from comments of Mark Partridge, and of three anonymous referees.
DOES URBAN PROXIMITY ENHANCE TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY? EVIDENCE FROM CHINESE AGRICULTURE†
Version of Record online: 27 AUG 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Regional Science
Special Issue: Mini-Special Issue: Regional Innovation Hotspots and Spatial Development
Volume 53, Issue 5, pages 923–943, December 2013
How to Cite
Duvivier, C. (2013), DOES URBAN PROXIMITY ENHANCE TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY? EVIDENCE FROM CHINESE AGRICULTURE. Journal of Regional Science, 53: 923–943. doi: 10.1111/jors.12054
- Issue online: 2 DEC 2013
- Version of Record online: 27 AUG 2013
- Manuscript Revised: MAR 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: MAR 2013
- Manuscript Received: OCT 2011
This paper assesses whether cities enhance the technical efficiency of nearby rural counties by allowing for heterogeneous urban effects both by region and city type. An empirical application is demonstrated using the Chinese county-level agricultural data from 2005 to 2009. We find that urban proximity significantly enhances efficiency in the Eastern region, while its effect is lower and less significant for the Central region and not significant at all for the Western region. In addition, urban effects vary across the urban hierarchy. We find that provincial-level cities have a deteriorating impact on technical efficiency, while lower-level cities enhance technical efficiency in most regions. Implications of these findings in terms of urban and regional planning are discussed.