Perceptions of Tap Water and School Water Fountains and Association With Intake of Plain Water and Sugar-Sweetened Beverages
Article first published online: 21 JAN 2014
Published 2014. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA
Journal of School Health
Volume 84, Issue 3, pages 195–204, March 2014
How to Cite
Perceptions of tap water and school water fountains and association with intake of plain water and sugar-sweetened beverages., , , , , .
- Issue published online: 21 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 21 JAN 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 5 MAY 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 14 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Received: 6 APR 2012
- sugar-sweetened beverages;
- nutrient and diet;
- public health;
Little is known regarding youth perceptions of tap water and school water fountains and how these relate to water and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake.
We used national 2010 YouthStyles data to assess perceptions of tap water and school water fountains and associations with water and SSB intake.
Nearly 1 in 5 participants disagreed their tap water was safe and nearly 2 in 5 disagreed school water fountains were clean and safe. Perceived tap water risk was more prevalent among non-Hispanic (NH) Blacks (26.4%) and Hispanics (28.3%) compared with NH Whites (14.7%, p < .001) and more prevalent among lower-income youth. Negative water fountain perceptions were more common among high school-aged youth. Perceived tap water risk was not associated with SSB intake (odds ratio [OR] = 1.0, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.6, 1.5) or water intake (OR = 1.4, 95% CI: 0.9, 2.1). Negative water fountain perceptions were associated with SSB intake only among Hispanics (race/ethnicity interaction p < .001; OR = 2.9, 95% CI: 1.3, 6.6) but were not associated with water intake.
Negative perceptions of tap water and water fountains among youth are common and should be considered in efforts to provide water in schools.