Funding to collect SHAPES youth data in Hamilton came from the Hamilton Public Health Services, in Thunder Bay from Thunder Bay District Health Unit, and in PEI from the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development. This research was supported by a grant from Canadian Cancer Society Research Institute, as well as Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship (Vanderlee), CIHR Master's Award (Vanderlee), the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada and the CIHR/Training Grant in Population Intervention for Chronic Disease Prevention: A Pan-Canadian Program (Grant No.: 53893) (Vanderlee), Ontario Graduate Scholarships (Vanderlee), the Propel Centre for Population Health Impact, a Canadian Institutes for Health Research New Investigator Award (Hammond), and a Canadian Cancer Society Research Institute Junior Investigator Research Award (Hammond).
Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption Among a Subset of Canadian Youth
Version of Record online: 21 JAN 2014
© 2014, American School Health Association
Journal of School Health
Volume 84, Issue 3, pages 168–176, March 2014
How to Cite
Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption among a subset of Canadian youth., , , , .
- Issue online: 21 JAN 2014
- Version of Record online: 21 JAN 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 19 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 3 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Received: 6 JAN 2012
- Hamilton Public Health Services
- Thunder Bay District Health Unit
- Department of Education and Early Childhood Development
- Canadian Cancer Society Research Institute
- Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship (Vanderlee)
- CIHR Master's Award (Vanderlee)
- Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
- CIHR/Training Grant in Population Intervention for Chronic Disease Prevention. Grant Number: 53893
- Ontario Graduate Scholarships (Vanderlee)
- Propel Centre for Population Health Impact
- Canadian Institutes for Health Research New Investigator Award (Hammond)
- Canadian Cancer Society Research Institute Junior Investigator Research Award (Hammond).
- sugar-sweetened beverages;
- food habits;
- youth or adolescents;
- beverage consumption
Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) may play a role in increased rates of obesity. This study examined patterns and frequencies of beverage consumption among youth in 3 distinct regions in Canada, and examined associations between beverage consumption and age, sex, body mass index (BMI), physical activity and dieting behavior, as well as beverage displacement.
The study included data from 10,188 youth (ages 13-18) from Hamilton and Thunder Bay, Ontario, and Prince Edward Island (PEI) in 2009 to 2010. The study used in-school self-reported surveys with 12 questions regarding beverage consumption during the previous day, along with self-reported height, weight, physical activity levels, and demographic information. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine variables associated with SSB intake.
Overall, 80% of youth consumed at least 1 SSB in the previous day, with 44% consuming 3 or more SSBs. Youth in Thunder Bay consumed significantly more SSBs than Hamilton and PEI, and youth in Hamilton consumed more SSBs than PEI. Boys consumed significantly more SSBs than girls. Older and more physically active youth consumed significantly fewer SSBs. No significant association between BMI and SSB consumption was observed in any model. A modest positive correlation was identified between SSB consumption and milk (r = .06, p < .001) and 100% fruit juice (r = .10, p < .001).
A large proportion of youth consumed SSBs, many at high levels. Research evaluating SSB policy and interventions should be considered a priority.