Laurie Anne Pearlman, Trauma Research, Education, and Training Institute, Inc., Holyoke, Massachusetts. The author would like to thank Jamie Sullivan, B.A., for research assistance.
Restoring Self in Community: Collective Approaches to Psychological Trauma after Genocide
Article first published online: 7 MAR 2013
© 2013 The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues
Journal of Social Issues
Special Issue: The Aftermath of Genocide: Psychological Perspectives
Volume 69, Issue 1, pages 111–124, March 2013
How to Cite
Anne Pearlman, L. (2013), Restoring Self in Community: Collective Approaches to Psychological Trauma after Genocide. Journal of Social Issues, 69: 111–124. doi: 10.1111/josi.12006
- Issue published online: 7 MAR 2013
- Article first published online: 7 MAR 2013
Recovery from the profound negative psychological and spiritual effects of genocide is essential for individuals to live fulfilling lives, engage in reconciliation, and prevent future violence. This article discusses community approaches to trauma recovery that focus on individuals within their social context. It briefly identifies common psychological problems that follow genocide. It then presents constructivist self development theory (CSDT) as a foundation for understanding these effects and the RICH (Respect, Information, Connection, and Hope) framework, based in CSDT, for designing and assessing the effects of post-genocide psychosocial interventions. The article reviews three approaches to collective recovery: a multifamily group approach, a psychoeducational program focused on youth, and a public education program aimed to promote trauma recovery and prevent future violence. The RICH framework is applied to each approach.