Sponsors: The Australian Native Food Industry (ANFIL), the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation (RIRDC), the Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI), project number PJR-004427.
Lexicon for the Sensory Description of Australian Native Plant Foods and Ingredients
Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Sensory Studies
Volume 27, Issue 6, pages 471–481, December 2012
How to Cite
Smyth, H.E., Sanderson, J.E. and Sultanbawa, Y. (2012), Lexicon for the Sensory Description of Australian Native Plant Foods and Ingredients. Journal of Sensory Studies, 27: 471–481. doi: 10.1111/joss.12012
- Issue published online: 7 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 1 OCT 2012
- Rural Industry Research and Development Corporation (RIRDC)
Understanding and describing “Australian flavor” has proved to be a challenge for marketers of native foods because of the diversity of unique flavor signatures exhibited. Descriptive analysis techniques were applied, using a panel of 11 experienced judges, to define and articulate the sensory properties of 18 key commercial Australian native plant foods and ingredients including fruits, herbs and spices. Quantitative descriptive data were transformed into concise and accurate verbal descriptions for each of the species. The sensory language developed during the vocabulary development panel sessions was combined, categorized and ordered to develop a sensory lexicon specific for the genre. The language developed to describe the foods and ingredients was diverse and distinctly Australian including aromas such as musk, rosella, citrus and spiced tea to eucalypt, bush scrub, fresh beetroot and wheat biscuit.
This work provides a clear, useful means of characterizing and accurately describing the flavors of Australian native plant foods and ingredients. This information has been communicated to the native food industry, chefs, formulators, food technologists and flavor experts, and provides knowledge that will assist the wider food industry to successfully develop flavor blends and produce food products from native food ingredients. It is anticipated that extension of this information to both the local and international food markets will stimulate a renewed interest in Australian native ingredients and open new market opportunities for the industry. The data developed by this research have also formed the basis of quality control targets for emerging native foods and ingredients.