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Keywords:

  • child (D002648);
  • drug therapy (D004358);
  • epidemiology (D004813);
  • meningitis (D008581);
  • tuberculosis (D014376).

Abstract

We present two cases of tuberculous meningitis in Australian-born children. We review the current literature surrounding management of paediatric tuberculosis and disseminated disease, emphasising the importance of prompt diagnosis and intervention. We discuss the epidemiology of tuberculosis in the Australian paediatric population and highlight the sentinel role of childhood infection in public health surveillance.