Conflict of interest: None declared.
Factors associated with consistent contraception and condom use among Māori secondary school students in New Zealand
Article first published online: 27 DEC 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health © 2013 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of Physicians)
Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Volume 50, Issue 4, pages 258–265, April 2014
How to Cite
Clark, T. C., Crengle, S., Sheridan, J., Rowe, D. and Robinson, E. (2014), Factors associated with consistent contraception and condom use among Māori secondary school students in New Zealand. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 50: 258–265. doi: 10.1111/jpc.12450
- Issue published online: 3 APR 2014
- Article first published online: 27 DEC 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 OCT 2013
- Health Research Council of New Zealand. Grant Number: 05/216
- Department of Labour, Families Commission, Accident Compensation Corporation of New Zealand
- Sport and Recreation New Zealand
- Alcohol Advisory Council of New Zealand
- Ministries of Youth Development, Justice, Health and Te Puni Kokiri
- international child health;
The aims of this study are to provide a profile of sexual health behaviours of Māori youth and to identify factors associated with consistent condom and contraception use.
Multivariable analyses were conducted to determine relationships between consistent contraception and condom use among all 2059 sexually active Māori participants in the 2007 New Zealand youth health and well-being survey of secondary school students.
Forty per cent of Māori students were currently sexually active; of these, 55.3% always used contraception, and 41.1% always used condoms. Risk factors for not using contraception were less than or equal to three sexual partners (males odds ratio (OR) 0.55, P = 0.04, females OR 0.35, P = 0.04) and regular cigarette use for females (OR 0.52, P = 0.02). Risk factors for not using condoms were 13- to 15-year-old females (OR 1.95, P < 0.01) and females who enjoyed sex (OR 0.52, P = 0.02). Family connection was associated with increased use of condoms among males (OR 1.07, P < 0.01).
Reducing sexual risks, increasing opportunities for healthy youth development and family connectedness, alongside access to appropriate services, are required to improve the sexual health of Māori youth.