Conflict of interest: None identified.
Invasive group A streptococcal infection in the Northern Territory, Australia: Case report and review of the literature
Article first published online: 23 JUN 2014
© 2014 The Authors. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health © 2014 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of Physicians)
Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Volume 50, Issue 11, pages 869–873, November 2014
How to Cite
Middleton, B., Morris, P. and Carapetis, J. (2014), Invasive group A streptococcal infection in the Northern Territory, Australia: Case report and review of the literature. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 50: 869–873. doi: 10.1111/jpc.12659
- Issue published online: 6 NOV 2014
- Article first published online: 23 JUN 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 2 MAR 2014
- streptococcal infection
The increasing incidence of invasive group A streptococcus has been well documented in the temperate climates of North America, Europe and the United Kingdom. Studies also suggest that there are high rates of invasive group A streptococcus infection within the indigenous population of Northern Australia. This review article presents the case of infant Aboriginal twins with invasive group A streptococcal infection complicated by streptococcal toxic shock syndrome, highlighting both the severity and high transmissibility of invasive group A streptococcal disease. We review the epidemiology of group A streptococcal infection and suggest a potential role for chemoprophylaxis of household contacts to reduce the burden of disease within the indigenous population of Northern Australia.