PETROLEUM GEOLOGY OF THE FULA SUB-BASIN, MUGLAD BASIN, SUDAN
Article first published online: 20 DEC 2012
© 2013 The Authors. Journal of Petroleum Geology © 2013 Scientific Press Ltd
Journal of Petroleum Geology
Volume 36, Issue 1, pages 43–59, January 2013
How to Cite
Lirong, D., Dingsheng, C., Zhi, L., Zhiwei, Z. and Jingchun, W. (2013), PETROLEUM GEOLOGY OF THE FULA SUB-BASIN, MUGLAD BASIN, SUDAN. Journal of Petroleum Geology, 36: 43–59. doi: 10.1111/jpg.12541
- Issue published online: 20 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 20 DEC 2012
- Muglad Basin;
- rift basin;
- Fula subbasin;
- petroleum systems;
- lacustrine source rocks;
- Abu Gabra Formation
The Fula sub-basin is a fault-bounded depression located in the NE of the Muglad Basin, Sudan, and covers an area of about 3560 km2. Eleven oilfields and oil-bearing structures have been discovered in the sub-basin. The Lower Cretaceous Abu Gabra shales (Barremian – Aptian), deposited in a deep-water lacustrine environment, are major source rocks. Reservoir targets include interbedded sandstones within the Abu Gabra Formation and sandstones in the overlying Bentiu and Aradeiba Formations (Albian – Cenomanian and Turonian, respectively).
Oil-source correlation indicates that crude oils in the Aradeiba and Bentiu Formations are characterized by low APIs (<22°), low sulphur contents (<0.2%), high viscosity and high Total Acid Number (TAN: >6 mg KOH/g oil on average). By contrast, API, viscosity and TAN for oils in the Abu Gabra Formation vary widely. These differences indicate that oil migration and accumulation in the Fula sub-basin is more complicated than in other parts of the Muglad Basin, probably as a result of regional transtension and inversion during the Late Cretaceous and Tertiary.
The Aradeiba-Bentiu and Abu Gabra Formations form separate exploration targets in the Fula sub-basin. Four play fairways are identified: the central oblique anticline zone, boundary fault zone, fault terrance zone and sag zone. The most prospective locations are probably located in the central oblique anticline zone.