Properties and Nematicide Performance of Avermectins

Authors

  • Jose Alfonso Cabrera,

    Corresponding author
    1. United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, Water Management Research Unit, Parlier, CA, USA
    • Department of Phytopathology and Nematology in Soil Ecosystems, Institute of Crop Science and Resource Conservation, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany
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  • Roy D. Menjivar,

    1. Department of Phytopathology and Nematology in Soil Ecosystems, Institute of Crop Science and Resource Conservation, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany
    2. Department of Plant Production, National University of Agriculture, Catacamas, Honduras
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  • Abd el-Fattah A. Dababat,

    1. Department of Phytopathology and Nematology in Soil Ecosystems, Institute of Crop Science and Resource Conservation, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany
    2. International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, Ankara, Turkey
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  • Richard A. Sikora

    1. Department of Phytopathology and Nematology in Soil Ecosystems, Institute of Crop Science and Resource Conservation, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany
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J. Alfonso Cabrera.

Department of Phytopathology and Nematology in Soil Ecosystems, Institute of Crop Science and Resource Conservation, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany

E-mail: alfonso.cabrera@ars.usda.gov

Abstract

In 1979, the anthelmintic activity of abamectin, a mixture of avermectins B1a and B1b, was first reported. Since then, multiple articles have investigated avermectins' degradation and its efficacy against a wide variety of pests under different conditions and using different modes of application. However, there is a gap in the literature of analysing abamectin properties and its performance as a non-fumigant nematicide when applied liquid or granular vs. new avenues of application based on seed and seedling treatment. Therefore, this article reviewed literature to discuss the mode of action, environmental aspects, the nematicidal effectiveness of treatment forms and the range of activity to address these topics.

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