Oral health status and academic performance among Ohio third-graders, 2009-2010
Article first published online: 25 JUN 2014
© 2014 American Association of Public Health Dentistry
Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Volume 74, Issue 4, pages 336–342, Fall 2014
How to Cite
Detty, A. M.R. and Oza-Frank, R. (2014), Oral health status and academic performance among Ohio third-graders, 2009-2010. Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 74: 336–342. doi: 10.1111/jphd.12063
- Issue published online: 13 DEC 2014
- Article first published online: 25 JUN 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 4 MAY 2014
- Manuscript Received: 2 AUG 2013
- academic performance;
- oral health;
- dental caries;
- dental decay
Although recent literature indicated an association between dental caries and poor academic performance, previous work relied on self-reported measures. This analysis sought to determine the association between academic performance and untreated dental caries (tooth decay) using objective measures, controlling for school-level characteristics.
School-level untreated caries prevalence was estimated from a 2009-2010 oral health survey of Ohio third-graders. Prevalence estimates were combined with school-level academic performance and other school characteristics obtained from the Ohio Department of Education. Linear regression models were developed as a result of bivariate testing, and final models were stratified based upon the presence of a school-based dental sealant program (SBSP).
Preliminary bivariate analysis indicated a significant relationship between untreated caries and academic performance, which was more pronounced at schools with an SBSP. After controlling for other school characteristics, the prevalence of untreated caries was found to be a significant predictor of academic performance at schools without an SBSP (P = 0.001) but not at schools with an SBSP (P = 0.833).
The results suggest the association between untreated caries and academic performance may be affected by the presence of a school-based oral health program. Further research focused on oral health and academic performance should consider the presence and/or availability of these programs.