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Oral health status and academic performance among Ohio third-graders, 2009-2010

Authors

  • Amber M.R. Detty MA,

    Corresponding author
    1. Oral Health Section, Bureau of Community Health Services and Patient-Centered Primary Care, Ohio Department of Health, Columbus, OH, USA
    • Correspondence

      Ms. Amber M.R. Detty, Oral Health Section, Bureau of Community Health Services and Patient-Centered Primary Care, Ohio Department of Health, 246 N. High Street, Columbus, OH 43215. Tel.: (614) 644-9598; Fax: (614) 564-2421; e-mail: amber.detty@odh.ohio.gov. Reena Oza-Frank is with the Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University.

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  • Reena Oza-Frank PhD, RD

    1. Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
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Abstract

Objective

Although recent literature indicated an association between dental caries and poor academic performance, previous work relied on self-reported measures. This analysis sought to determine the association between academic performance and untreated dental caries (tooth decay) using objective measures, controlling for school-level characteristics.

Methods

School-level untreated caries prevalence was estimated from a 2009-2010 oral health survey of Ohio third-graders. Prevalence estimates were combined with school-level academic performance and other school characteristics obtained from the Ohio Department of Education. Linear regression models were developed as a result of bivariate testing, and final models were stratified based upon the presence of a school-based dental sealant program (SBSP).

Results

Preliminary bivariate analysis indicated a significant relationship between untreated caries and academic performance, which was more pronounced at schools with an SBSP. After controlling for other school characteristics, the prevalence of untreated caries was found to be a significant predictor of academic performance at schools without an SBSP (P = 0.001) but not at schools with an SBSP (P = 0.833).

Conclusions

The results suggest the association between untreated caries and academic performance may be affected by the presence of a school-based oral health program. Further research focused on oral health and academic performance should consider the presence and/or availability of these programs.

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