Erratum: ‘The Role of Champions in the External Commercialization of Knowledge’

Errata

This article corrects:

  1. The Role of Champions in the External Commercialization of Knowledge Volume 26, Issue 4, 371–387, Article first published online: 4 May 2009

Originally published in Journal of Product Innovation Management, 26, 4 (Lichtenthaler and Ernst, 2009). Regrettably, there were some unintended errors in the originally published Tables 2 (page 380), 3 (page 381) and 4 (page 382). The tables below have been corrected and should be substituted for the published tables. JPIM apologizes for these errors.

Table 2. (Corrected). Results of Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) Analyses (Emergence of Champions)
VariablesModel 1Model 2Model 3
Dependent variableChampionsChampionsChampions
  1.  < .1; * p < .05; ** p < .01; *** p < .001; one-tailed; ° variables mean centered in model 3; standard errors in parentheses; intercept included.
Control variables
Revenues−.01 (.01)−.03** (.01)−.03* (.01)
R&D intensity.02 (.02).01 (.02).01 (.02)
Automotive/machinery.24 (.37).07 (.32).09 (.31)
Chemicals/pharmaceuticals.39 (.39)−.35 (.36)−.30 (.35)
Electronics/semiconductors−.48 (.43)−.63* (.37)−.46 (.38)
Austria−.29 (.37)−.20 (.32)−.11 (.32)
Switzerland.50* (.30).65** (.26).60* (.26)
Independent variables
Organizational climate° .38*** (.10).51*** (.12)
Org. climate X Org. climate  −.12* (.05)
Active strategy° .17* (.08).23* (.12)
Act. strategy X Act. strategy  −.03 (.04)
Market imperfection° −.10 (.08)−.09 (.08)
Market imp. X Market imp.  .01 (.04)
Competitive intensity° .09 (.09).04 (.09)
Comp. intens. X Comp. intens.  −.10 (.06)
R2.07.34.38
R2 adjusted.03.29.32
F1.626.63***5.66***
Number of observations152152152
Table 3. (Corrected). Results of Ordered Logit Analyses (Impact of Champions)
VariablesModel 4Model 5Model 6
Dependent variableExt. know. exploitation revenuesExt. know. exploitation revenuesExt. know. exploitation revenues
  1.  < .1; * p < .05; ** p < .01; *** p < .001; one-tailed; standard errors in parentheses.
Control variables
Revenues.14*** (.04).08* (.04).12** (.05)
R&D intensity.03 (.04).02 (.04).01 (.04)
Automotive/machinery−.01 (.96).10 (1.12).59 (1.12)
Chemicals/pharmaceuticals1.03 (.94)1.00 (1.09)1.65 (1.15)
Electronics/semiconductors1.20 (1.01)1.03 (1.18)2.08 (1.31)
Austria/Switzerland−1.20* (.70)−.95 (.85)−1.28 (.91)
Independent variables
Organizational climate 1.14*** (.32).91** (.34)
Active strategy .42* (.22).26 (.23)
Market imperfection −.05 (.29).02 (.30)
Competitive intensity .00 (.27)−.07 (.30)
Mediator variable
Champions  .63* (.34)
Pseudo R (Nagelkerke).39.64.66
Chi-square35.66***69.80***73.53***
Number of observations136136136
Table 4. (Corrected). Results of Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) Analyses (Impact of Champions)
VariablesModel 7Model 8Model 9Model 10Model 11Model 12
Dependent variableSuccess rel. to competitorsSuccess rel. to competitorsSuccess rel. to competitorsEvolution of ext. knowl. exploitationEvolution of ext. knowl. exploitationEvolution of ext. knowl. exploitation
  1.  < .1; * p < .05; ** p < .01; *** p < .001; one-tailed; standard errors in parentheses; intercept included.
Control variables
Revenues.04*** (.01).01 (.01).02* (.01).04** (.02).00 (.01).01 (.01)
R&D intensity−.01 (.02)−.03* (.02)−.03* (.02).05* (.02).04* (.02).04* (.02)
Automotive/machinery.35 (.34).28 (.30).26 (.29).45 (.40).20 (.32).18 (.31)
Chemicals/pharmaceuticals.30 (.36)−.28 (.34)−.17 (.32)1.13** (.43).12 (.36).23 (.34)
Electronics/semiconductors−.26 (.40)−.31 (.35)−.12 (.34)−.03 (.47)−.24 (.37)−.06 (.36)
Austria.28 (.35).21 (.31).27 (.29)−.59 (.41)−.41 (.32)−.35 (.31)
Switzerland.22 (.28).19 (.25)−.01 (.24).14 (.33).34 (.26).14 (.26)
Independent variables
Organizational climate .24** (.09).13 (.09) .39*** (.10).27** (.10)
Active strategy .33*** (.08).28*** (.08) .21** (.08).16* (.08)
Market imperfection −.05 (.07)−.02 (.07) −.23** (.08)−.20** (.08)
Competitive intensity −.25** (.09)−.28** (.08) .13 (.09).10 (.09)
Mediator variable
Champions  .30*** (.08)  .30*** (.08)
R2.11.33.40.15.49.54
R2 adjusted.06.28.34.11.45.50
F2.48*6.27***7.58***3.75**12.23***13.32***
Number of observations152152152152152152

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