- Throughout recorded history, the mentally ill have been living at the fringes of society, frequently alienated, treated inhumanely, and made as scapegoats for the prevailing societal ills.
- Australia has seen the number of public psychiatric hospital beds fall from 30 000 in the early 1960's to 8000 as of 2006. The Australian population has more than doubled since this time, such phenomena is mirrored in the UK and the USA.
- As of June 2011, there were 28 964 individuals detained in Australian prisons, this represents a figure close to 70% higher than in comparison to the figure reported in 1996. However, Australia's population has only increased by just over 27% in this time period.
- Authors and researchers are claiming that a debilitated public psychiatric healthcare system has resulted in large ‘trans-migrations’ of patients from psychiatric hospital beds to prisons and jails, via an intermediary period in their communities.