Risk tools for the prediction of violence: ‘VRAG, HCR-20, PCL-R’
Article first published online: 3 JUL 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
How to Cite
Jaber, F. S. and Mahmoud, K. F. (2013), Risk tools for the prediction of violence: ‘VRAG, HCR-20, PCL-R’. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. doi: 10.1111/jpm.12102
- Article first published online: 3 JUL 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 2 JUN 2013
- risk assessment;
- This paper compare between three tools used in the assessment of patients for the violence risk.
- The nurses can use this tools to predict the violent patient so that they can protect themselves and the other patients.
- The comparison between this three tools gives the health care provider the ability to choose the best tool that is suitable to situations.
Many instruments have been introduced as measures of violence risk prediction. Studies on risk assessment displayed two major approaches – clinical risk evaluation and actuarial measures – and three tools were mostly used: (1) Violence Risk Appraisal Guide, (2) Historical-Clinical-Risk-20 item scale and (3) Psychopathy Checklist-Revised. Although these tools are commonly used in clinical practice, they differ in their uses, benefits and limitations, and their ability to predict future violence. Subsequently, this paper aim to provide the readers an in-depth description that specifies these aspects, as well as a comparison of these tools in order to help readers decide which tool to use.